How to Deploy Rocket.Chat on Debian 10 Linux

Rocket.Chat is a very popular open-source team communication system; it is famous as an alternative to Slack. It provides various features along with helpdesk chat like video conferencing, voice messages, file sharing, API, and many more.

Suppose you want to host a team communication system in your premises/servers, the Rocket.Chat is the best option for you; either you are a community or a company.

In this tutorial, we will show how to deploy Rocket.Chat on a Debian 10 server and configure Nginx reverse proxy for access on default HTTP and HTTPS port.


Before starting this tutorial, make sure you have the following:

  • Debian 10 Server machine with at least 1 GB RAM, as per the Rocket.Chat system requirements.
  • Nginx is installed in the server to configure reverse proxy.
  • A domain name is pointing to your server’s IP address. Here in this tutorial, we will use “”

Install Node.js

First, update your system package list:

$ sudo apt update

Now, install Node.js and npm and other dependencies for building npm packages by using the following command:

$ sudo apt install nodejs npm build-essential curl software-properties-common graphicsmagick

We will use the “n”, an npm package which is use to manage Node.js versions.
Use below command to install “n”:

$ sudo npm install -g inherits n

Now, using “n” install Node.js version 8.11.3 by using the following command:

$ sudo n 8.11.3

Installing MongoDB

The default database used by Rocket.Chat is called MongoDB. It is a NoSQL document-oriented database system.

We will install MongoDB from the official repository of MongoDB.

To enable the MongoDB repository, import MongoDB public key, and enable the repository using the following command:

$ sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv 9DA31620334BD75D9DCB49F368818C72E52529D4
$ sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64] stretch/mongodb-org/4.0 main'

After enabling the MongoDB repository, update the package list, and install MongoDB package using the following command:

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install mongodb-org

Once the installation of MongoDB completed enable and start MongoDB service using commands below:

$ sudo systemctl start mongod
$ sudo systemctl enable mongod

Create new System User

To avoid running Rocket.Chat service from root user due to security issues; we are creating a new user named “rocket” to run the Rocket.Chat services:

$ sudo useradd -m -U -r -d /opt/rocket rocket

Now add the www-data user to the new user group and change the rocket chat installed directory (/opt/rocket) permissions so that the Nginx can access the Rocket.Chat installation:

$ sudo usermod -a -G rocket www-data
$ sudo chmod 750 /opt/rocket

Installing Rocket.Chat

First, change the user console to rocket user:

$ sudo su - rocket

Now, we assume that you are executing installation all commands as user “rocket.”
To install Rocket.Chat, first download the latest stable release of Rocket.Chat using the curl command:

$ curl -L -o

After completing the download, extract the archive files and rename the directory with the name “Rocket.Chat”:

$ tar zxf
$ mv bundle Rocket.Chat

Now, go to the server directory (Rocket.Chat/programs/server) and install all required npm packages, using the following command:

$ cd Rocket.Chat/programs/server
$ npm install

Once the all package installation is completed, to test the installation before configuring the system unit and Nginx reverse proxy, we will set the required environment variables and start the Rocket.Chat server.
To set the required environment variable use below commands:

$ export PORT=3000
$ export ROOT_URL=
$ export MONGO_URL=mongodb://localhost:27017/rocketchat

To start Rocket.Chat server goes back to the “Rocket.Chat” directory and start Rocket.Chat server by using the following command:

$ cd ../../
$ node main.js

If your Rocket.Chat server stated successfully and not getting any error you will get the below screen on your terminal.

Output -
➔ +---------------------------------------------+
➔ |                SERVER RUNNING               |
➔ +---------------------------------------------+
➔ |                                             |
➔ |  Rocket.Chat Version: 0.71.1                |
➔ |       NodeJS Version: 8.11.3 - x64          |
➔ |             Platform: linux                 |
➔ |         Process Port: 3000                  |
➔ |             Site URL:  |
➔ |     ReplicaSet OpLog: Disabled              |
➔ |          Commit Hash: e73dc78ffd            |
➔ |        Commit Branch: HEAD                  |
➔ |                                             |
➔ +---------------------------------------------+

Now stop the Rocket.Chat server by issuing CTRL + C.
Now, switch back to your sudo user by executing “exit” command and continue to the next steps.

Create a Systemd unit

To run Rocket.Chat server as a service, need to create a system unit file “rocketchat.service” in the directory “/etc/system/system/.”

$ sudo vim /etc/systemd/system/rocketchat.service

Copy and paste the following code into the file:

Description=Rocket.Chat server
Environment=MONGO_URL=mongodb://localhost:27017/rocketchat ROOT_URL= PORT=3000
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/node /opt/rocket/Rocket.Chat/main.js

Now, inform the system that we have include a new unit file and start the Rocket.Chat service by using the following commands:

$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
$ sudo systemctl start rocketchat

Check the service status by using the command below:

$ sudo systemctl status rocketchat
* rocketchat.service - Rocket.Chat server
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/rocketchat.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2018-11-07 14:36:24 PST; 5s ago
 Main PID: 12693 (node)
    Tasks: 10 (limit: 2319)
   CGroup: /system.slice/rocketchat.service
           `-12693 /usr/local/bin/node /opt/rocket/Rocket.Chat/main.js

And enable the Rocket.Chat service to start automatically on system boot time using the following command:

$ sudo systemctl enable rocketchat

Configure a reverse proxy using Nginx

You can follow how to install Nginx on Debian 10 and how to secure Nginx with Let’s Encrypt on Debian 10 guides to install and configure SSL in your Debian 10 server.

We assume you have already installed the Nginx web server, so you need to create a new Nginx server block for Rocket.Chat access through the proxy.

First, create a server block configuration file for Rocket.Chat with the following configuration:

$ sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/
upstream rocketchat_backend {
server {
    listen 80;
    include snippets/letsencrypt.conf;
    return 301$request_uri;
server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/;
    ssl_trusted_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/;
    include snippets/ssl.conf;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/;
    location / {
        proxy_pass http://rocketchat_backend/;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
        proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header X-Forward-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header X-Forward-Proto http;
        proxy_set_header X-Nginx-Proxy true;
        proxy_redirect off;

Now enable the new Rocket.Chat server block by creating a symbolic link file to the sites-enabled directory:

$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/ /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

Now, reload Nginx service for changes to take effect:

$ sudo systemctl reload nginx

Configuring Rocket.Chat

Now your Rocket.Chat instance successfully installed and running to configure the primary setting of Rocket.Chat open in your browser

You will get the Rocket. Chat setup wizard on your browser, which will guide you through setting up admin user, configure organization, and register your server to receive the free push notification and many more.

The first screen of the setup wizard will ask you to set up an Admin user:

Rocket Chat Admin Info

After filling the admin user’s information, the next screen will ask you the information to configure the Organization:

Rocket Chat Organization Info

Once you filled the Organization information, the next screen will ask you to enter the server information.

Rocket Chat Server Info

In the next step, it will ask the user Rocket.Chat preconfigured gateways and proxies. Selecting these option will give access to the Rocket.Chat apps marketplace and other features such as push notifications etc.

Rocket Chat Server Configure

Click on the continue button after making your choice will give you the next screen, which indicates that your workplace is ready to use:

Rocket Chat  ready to use

Click on the “Go to your workplace” button, and you will get into the Rocket’s dashboard.Chat logged in as the admin user.


Now, you have learned how to install Rocket.Chat in the Debian 10 server and how to configure Nginx as a reverse proxy for Rocket.Chat.

If you want to get more information on Rocket.Chat or wished to get an official guide on Rocket.Chat visit the Rocket.Chat Documentation page.

If you are facing any problem in installation or having doubt or feedback, feel free to leave a comment.


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