NAME
etags—Generate tag file for emacs
ctags—Generate tag file for vi

SYNOPSIS
etags [ –aCDSVH] [ –i file ][–o tagfile ] [ –c++ ] [ –no–defines] [ –ignore–indentation ] [ –help ] [ –version ] [ –include=file ] [ –output=tagfile ] [ –append ] file …

ctags [ –aCdSVH] [ –BtTuvwx ] [ –o tagfile ] [ –c++ ] [ –defines ] [ –ignore–indentation ] [ –backward–search] [ –forward–search ] [ –typedefs ] [ –typedefs–and–c++] [ –no–warn ] [ –cxref ] [ –help ] [ –version ] [ –output=tagfile ] [ –append ] [ –update ] file …

DESCRIPTION
The etags program is used to create a tag table file, in a format understood by emacs(1); the ctags program is used to create a similar table in a format understood by vi(1) . Both forms of the program understand the syntax of C, FORTRAN, Pascal, LaTeX, Scheme, emacs Lisp/Common Lisp, and most assembler–like syntaxes. Both forms read the files specified on the command line, and write a tag table (defaults: TAGS for etags, tags for ctags) in the current working directory. The programs recognize the language used in an input file based on its filename and contents; there are no switches for specifying the language.

OPTIONS
Some options make sense only for the vi-style tag files produced by ctags; etags does not recognize them. The programs accept unambiguous abbreviations for long option names.

OptionsDescription
–a, –appendAppend to existing tag file. (For vi-format tag files, see also –update.)
–B, –backward–searchTag files written in the format expected by vi contain regular expression search instructions; the –B option writes them using the delimiter ?, to search backwards through files. The default is to use the delimiter / to search forwards through files. Only ctags accepts this option.
–C, –c++Treat files with .c and .h extensions as C++ code, not C code. Files with .C, .H, .cxx, .hxx, or .cc extensions are always assumed to be C++ code.
–d, –definesCreate tag entries for C preprocessor definitions, too. This is the default behavior for etags, so this option is only accepted by ctags.
–D, –no–definesDo not create tag entries for C preprocessor definitions. This may make the tags file much smaller if many header files are tagged. This is the default behavior for ctags, so this option is only accepted by etags.
-i file, –include=fileInclude a note in tag file indicating that, when searching for a tag, one should also consult the tags file file after checking the current file. Only etags accepts this option.
–o tagfile, –output=tagfileExplicit name of file for tag table; overrides default TAGS or tags. (But ignored with –v or –x.)
–S, –ignore–indentationDon’t rely on indentation as much as we normally do. Currently, this means not to assume that a closing brace in the first column is the final brace of a function or structure definition in C and C++.
–t, –typedefsRecord typedefs in C code as tags. Since this is the default behavior of etags, only ctags accepts this option.
–T, –typedefs–and–c++Generate tag entries for typedefs, struct, enum, and union tags, and C++ member functions. Since this is the default behavior of etags, only ctags accepts this option.
–u, –updateUpdate tag entries for files specified on command line, leaving tag entries for other files in place. Currently, this is implemented by deleting the existing entries for the given files and then rewriting the new entries at the end of the tags file. It is often faster to simply rebuild the entire tag file than to use this. Only ctags accepts this option.
–v, —vgrindInstead of generating a tag file, write index (in vgrind format) to standard output. Only ctags accepts this option.
–w, –no–warnSuppress warning messages about duplicate entries. The etags program does not check for duplicate entries, so this option is not allowed with it.
–x, —cxrefInstead of generating a tag file, write a cross-reference (in cxref format) to standard output. Only ctags accepts this option.
–H, –helpPrint usage information.
–V, –versionPrint the current version of the program (same as the version of the emacs etags is shipped with).

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SATISH KUMAR

I am Satish Kumar, Founder of LinuxConcept. Linux and F.O.S.S enthusiast, love to work on open source platform and technologies.
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