NAME
cp—Copy files

SYNOPSIS
cp [options] source dest
cp [options] source… directory

Options:
[–abdfilprsuvxPR] [–S backup-suffix] [–V fnumbered,existing,simpleg] [—backup] [—no-dereference] [—force] [—interactive] [—one-file-system] [—preserve] [—recursive][—update] [—verbose] [—suffix=backup-suffix] [—version-control=fnumbered,existing,simpleg] [—archive] [—parents] [—link] [—symbolic-link] [—help] [—version]

DESCRIPTION
This manual page documents the GNU version of cp. If the last argument names an existing directory, cp copies each other given file into a file with the same name in that directory. Otherwise, if only two files are given, it copies the first onto the second. It is an error if the last argument is not a directory and more than two files are given. By default, it does not copy directories.

OPTIONS

Option Description
–a, —archive Preserve as much as possible of the structure and attributes of the original files in the copy. The same as –dpR.
–b, —backup Make backups of files that are about to be overwritten or removed.
–d, —no-dereference Copy symbolic links as symbolic links rather than copying the files that they point to, and preserve hard link relationships between source files in the copies.
–f, —force Remove existing destination files.
-i, —interactive Prompt whether to overwrite existing regular destination files.
–l, —link Make hard links instead of copies of nondirectories.
–P, —parents Form the name of each destination file by appending to the target directory a slash and the specified name of the source file. The last argument given to cp must be the name of an existing directory. For example, the command cp —parents a/b/c existing_dir copies the file a/b/c to existing_dir/a/b/c, creating any missing intermediate directories.
–p, —preserve Preserve the original files’ owner, group, permissions, and timestamps.
-r Copy directories recursively, copying all nondirectories as if they were regular files.
–s, —symbolic-link Make symbolic links instead of copies of nondirectories. All source filenames must be absolute (starting with /) unless the destination files are in the current directory. This option produces an error message on systems that do not support symbolic links.
–u, —update Do not copy a nondirectory that has an existing destination with the same or newer modification time.
–v, —verbose Print the name of each file before copying it.
–x, —one-file-system Skip subdirectories that are on different filesystems from the one that the copy started on.
–R, —recursive Copy directories recursively.
—help Print a usage message on standard output and exit successfully.
—version Print version information on standard output then exit successfully.
–S, —suffix backup-suffix The suffix used for making simple backup files can be set with the SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX environment variable, which can be overridden by this option. If neither of those is given, the default is ~, as it is in emacs.
–V, —version-control{numbered,existing,simple} The type of backups made can be set with the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable, which can be overridden by this option. If VERSION_CONTROL is not set and this option is not given, the default backup type is existing. The value of the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable and the argument to this option are like the GNU emacs version- control variable; they also recognize synonyms that are more descriptive. The valid values are (unique abbreviations are accepted) the following:The type of backups made can be set with the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable, which can be overridden by this option. If VERSION_CONTROL is not set and this option is not given, the default backup type is existing. The value of the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable and the argument to this option are like the GNU emacs version- control variable; they also recognize synonyms that are more descriptive. The valid values are (unique abbreviations are accepted) the following:
t or numbered         Always make numbered backups
nil or existing           Make numbered backups of files that already have them, simple backups of the others
never or simple       Always make simple backups

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