Upgrading RPM Package in Linux

Update on:
Jan 29, 2023

When it comes to Linux, one of the most important things to keep in mind is software updates. These updates are essential for ensuring that your system is running smoothly, and that all of the software you use is up to date and secure. One of the most common ways to update software on Linux is through the use of RPM packages. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at how to upgrade RPM packages on Linux, including some examples of how to do it.

What is an RPM Package?

Before we dive into upgrading RPM packages, it’s important to understand what they are. RPM stands for Red Hat Package Manager, and it is a package management system used by many Linux distributions, including Red Hat, Fedora, and CentOS. An RPM package is a file that contains all of the files and information needed to install and run a specific piece of software. These packages typically have a .rpm file extension and can be easily installed, updated, and removed using the command line.

Why Upgrade RPM Packages?

There are many reasons why you might want to upgrade RPM packages on your Linux system. One of the most important reasons is security. Software developers often release updates and patches to fix security vulnerabilities in their software. If you don’t keep your software up to date, you could be at risk for a security breach.

Another reason to upgrade RPM packages is to take advantage of new features and improvements. As software developers continue to work on their software, they often release new versions that include new features, bug fixes, and performance improvements. Upgrading your software can help you take advantage of these new features and improvements.

Finally, upgrading RPM packages can help you stay compatible with other software and systems. As new software is released, it may require newer versions of other software to be installed. If you don’t keep your software up to date, you could run into compatibility issues that prevent you from using certain features or running certain programs.

Upgrading RPM Packages

There are a few different ways to upgrade RPM packages on Linux, but the most common method is through the use of the command line. The basic process for upgrading an RPM package involves using the “yum” command to check for available updates, and then using the “yum” command again to install the updates.

Before you begin, it’s a good idea to check for any available updates. You can do this by running the following command:

yum check-update

This command will check the software repositories for available updates and display a list of the packages that can be updated. If there are no updates available, you’ll see a message that says “No packages marked for update.”

If there are updates available, you can install them by running the following command:

yum update

This command will install all of the updates that were listed in the check-update command. If there are any conflicts or dependencies that need to be resolved, the yum command will prompt you for instructions on how to proceed.

When upgrading, you may also want to upgrade only specific packages instead of all packages at once. For example, to upgrade only the package “httpd” (Apache web server), you can use the following command:

yum update httpd

You can also use wildcards to upgrade multiple packages at once. For example, to upgrade all packages that begin with “httpd”, you can use the following command:

yum update httpd*

After upgrading, you can check the version of the package that you’ve to upgrade by using the command:

rpm -qa httpd

This will display the version of the package that you’ve upgraded to.

Automatic Upgrades

Another way to upgrade RPM packages is by setting up automatic upgrades. This can be done by using the “yum-cron” package. This package allows you to schedule automatic updates, so that your system will automatically check for and install updates on a regular basis.

To install the yum-cron package, you can use the following command:

yum install yum-cron

Once the package is installed, you can configure the automatic updates by editing the /etc/yum/yum-cron.conf file. In this file, you can set the frequency of updates, as well as configure other options such as whether or not to automatically reboot the system after updates are installed.

One thing to keep in mind when using automatic upgrades is that it may not be the best option for all systems. For example, if you’re running a production server that needs to be up and running 24/7, you may want to avoid automatic upgrades and instead schedule them for a specific time when the server can be taken offline for maintenance.

Manual Upgrades

Another way to upgrade RPM packages is through manual upgrades. This method involves downloading the RPM package from the internet and then installing it manually. This can be useful if you’re running a version of Linux that doesn’t have a package repository, or if you need to install a package that isn’t available in the official repositories.

To manually upgrade an RPM package, you’ll need to download the package from a website or other source. Once the package is downloaded, you can install it by using the following command:

rpm -Uvh package.rpm

This command will install the package and upgrade any existing files.

It’s important to note that when using manual upgrades, you will need to take responsibility for ensuring that the package is compatible with your system and that it doesn’t conflict with any other software that you have installed.


In conclusion, upgrading RPM packages on Linux is an important task that helps ensure that your system is running smoothly and securely. There are a few different ways to do this, including using the command line, automatic upgrades, and manual upgrades. Each method has its own benefits and drawbacks, so it’s important to choose the one that’s right for your system. Remember that staying up to date with software updates is essential for keeping your Linux system running smoothly and securely, so make sure to schedule regular updates and upgrades.

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