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UNIX/LINUX Command – more


more—File perusal filter for crt viewing


more [-dlfpcsu] [-num] [+/ pattern] [+ linenum]


more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This version is especially primitive. Users should realize that less(1) provides more(1) emulation and extensive enhancements.


Command-line options are described in the following list. Options are also taken from the environment variable MORE (make sure to precede them with a hyphen (-)) but command-line options will override them.

Option Description
-num This option specifies an integer that is the screen size (in lines).
-d more will prompt the user with the message [Press space to continue, ‘q’ to quit.] and will display [Press ‘h’ for instructions.] instead of ringing the bell when an illegal key is pressed.
-l more usually treats (form feed) as a special character, and will pause after any line that contains a form feed. The -l option will prevent this behavior.
-f Causes more to count logical, rather than screen lines (that is, long lines are not folded).
-p Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display the text.
-c Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing the remainder of each line as it is displayed.
-s Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.
-u Suppress underlining.
+/ The +/ option specifies a string that will be searched for before each file is displayed.
+num Start at line number.


Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1). Some commands may be preceded by a decimal number, called k in the following descriptions. In the following descriptions, ˆX means control-X.

h or ? Help: display a summary of these commands. If you forget all the other commands, remember this one.
SPACE Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size.
z Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size. Argument becomes new default.
RETURN Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument becomes new default.
d or ˆD Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially 11. Argument becomes new default.
q or Q INTERRUPT Exit.
s Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.
f Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.
b or ˆB Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.
Go to place where previous search started.
= Display current line number.
/pattern Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to 1.
n Search for kth occurrence of last r.e. Defaults to 1.
!<cmd> or :!<cmd> Execute <cmd> in a subshell.
v Start up /usr/bin/vi at current line.
ˆL Redraw screen.
:n Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.
:p Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.
Ic :f Display current filename and line number.
. Repeat previous command.


more utilizes the following environment variables, if they exist:
MORE            This variable may be set with favored options to more.
SHELL           Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login time).
TERM             Specifies terminal type, used by more to get the terminal characteristics  necessary to manipulate the screen.

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