Welcome to our comprehensive Git tutorial or Github tutorial, where we dive into the world of version control and guide you through the process of mastering Git, a powerful distributed version control system. Whether you’re new to Github or looking to enhance your skills, this tutorial will equip you with the knowledge and techniques needed to effectively manage your projects and collaborate with others.
The tutorial typically begins with an introduction to version control systems, emphasizing the importance of tracking and managing changes in software development. It explains the concept of distributed version control and how Github enables multiple developers to work on the same project without interfering with each other’s work. This section often includes the installation and basic configuration of Git, along with setting up a GitHub account.
What You’ll Learn – Git Tutorial
In this tutorial, we cover the following key aspects:
Introduction to Version Control: Gain a solid understanding of version control systems and their importance in managing software development projects. Learn about the benefits of using github and how it revolutionizes the way teams collaborate and track changes.
Installing and Configuring Git: Follow step-by-step instructions to install Git on your system. Learn how to configure your Git username and email, set up global and repository-specific configurations, and customize your Github environment.
Git Basics: Familiarize yourself with the fundamental concepts of Github. Learn about repositories, commits, branches, and the Git workflow. Understand how to initialize a repository, add and commit changes, and view the revision history.
Branching and Merging: Dive into the powerful branching and merging capabilities of Github. Learn how to create and switch between branches, merge changes from one branch to another, resolve merge conflicts, and manage branch workflows effectively.
Collaborating with Git: Explore techniques for collaborating with others using Github. Learn how to clone remote repositories, work with remote branches, push and pull changes, and synchronize your work with a remote repository. Understand the basics of working with popular hosting platforms like GitHub or GitLab.
Git Advanced Features: Delve into advanced Git features to enhance your productivity. Learn about tagging and creating releases, using Git aliases to simplify commands, leveraging Git hooks for automation, and utilizing Git submodules for managing complex projects.
Git Best Practices: Discover best practices for using Git effectively in your projects. Learn about commit etiquette, creating meaningful commit messages, managing large files, and maintaining a clean and organized Git history. Understand how to revert changes, cherry-pick commits, and utilize Git bisect for debugging.
Git Workflow Strategies: Explore different Git workflow strategies commonly used in software development. Learn about centralized workflows, feature branching workflows, and Gitflow. Understand how to choose the right workflow for your project and effectively collaborate with your team.
Throughout this tutorial, we provide practical examples, command-line instructions, and tips to help you become proficient in Git or Github. We aim to empower you with the knowledge and skills to effectively manage your projects, track changes, collaborate with others, and utilize the full potential of Github.
By the end of this tutorial, you will have a comprehensive understanding of Git, enabling you to confidently use Git as your version control system of choice for your software development projects.
Modules – Git / Github Tutorial
Module 1 : Basic on Git
In this section of Git tutorial you will learn about basic information on Version control system and Git. you will also get information on history of Git system development.
You will learn here, what is Git, Github, Gitlab etc.?, Why we use these tools?, How it make Developer’s life easy in terms of managing source code?, and other important concept which you should learn before start using Git.
|Introduction to Version Control Systems|
|Getting Started with Git: Installation and Setup|
|Creating Your First Repository|
|Basic Git Commands: add, commit, status, log|
|Understanding Commits and Branches|
|Working with Remote Repositories|
|Cloning, Fetching, and Pulling from Repositories|
|Best Practices for Beginners|
Module 2 : Git Configuration
Here, you will lean basic and initial configuration for Git Version control system. You will get knowledge of target configuration, Query configuration, templates and many more.
It will help you to understand the usages of Git and will also help in future when you need to do troubleshoot for any issues.
|Configuring User Information|
|Understanding gitconfig Files: Local, Global, and System|
|Setting Up Aliases for Efficiency|
|Ignoring Files with .gitignore|
|Managing Line Endings and Attributes|
|Using Git in Different Environments|
|Advanced Configuration Tips|
Module 3 : Branching, Merging and Options
Branching, merging and options are very important concepts while using Git. Here, you will learn all about branching, merge and options.
You will also learn how to create branches, merge branch with master and how to configure your repository.
This part will help you to understand different types of operations and their usage.
|Branching Strategies for Development|
|Creating, Switching, and Deleting Branches|
|Merging: Fast-Forward and 3-Way Merges|
|Resolving Merge Conflicts|
|Merge Strategies and Options|
|Stashing Changes for Later|
Module 4 : Rebase Regularly and Interactively
In this section of Git tutorial, you will learn about rebasing and interactive rebasing. Rebasing is an operation where you change the base commit of a branch.
It allows you to re-apply commits onto another branch without losing any history.
Interactive rebasing is similar to normal rebasing but there is one difference. In interactive rebasing, you can see the list of commits which are going to be applied on top of the current commit. You can choose whether to apply them or not.
|Understanding Rebase vs Merge|
|Performing a Basic Rebase|
|Interactive Rebasing: Rewriting History|
|Resolving Conflicts during Rebase|
|Rebase Best Practices|
|Advanced Rebase Techniques|
Module 5 : Storing Additional Information in Your repository
In this section of Github tutorial, you will learn about storing additional information in your repository. You will learn about adding tags, annotating files, and creating submodules.
These features allow you to store metadata about your project.
|Using Git Tags for Versioning|
|Managing Large Files with Git LFS|
|Submodules and Subtrees|
|Adding Notes to Commits|
|Leveraging Git Attributes|
|Storing Configuration Files|
Module 6 : Extracting Data from the Repository
In this section, you will learn about extracting data from the repository. This feature helps you to extract specific pieces of information from the repository.
For example, you may want to extract only the latest version of some file from the repository.
|Exploring the Commit History|
|Advanced Log Filtering and Formatting|
|Using Git Blame|
|Comparing Commits with Git Diff|
|Working with Git Show|
|Data Exporting Techniques|
Module 7 : Git Hooks, Aliases and Scripts
In this section of Git tutorial, you will get to know about hooks, aliases and scripts.
A hook is a script which runs at certain point during the process of committing or pushing changes to the repository.
An alias is used to define a shortcut name for a command.
A script is a program written in shell scripting language (like Perl, Python). You can write a script to automate tasks like running commands automatically after every push or pull.
|Introduction to Git Hooks|
|Creating Custom Git Hooks|
|Automating Workflows with Scripts|
|Building Useful Aliases|
|Integration with Continuous Integration (CI) Tools|
|Security Considerations with Hooks and Scripts|
Module 8 : Repository Maintenance
In this section of Github tutorial, you will learn about maintenance of repositories.
You will learn about cleaning up old branches, deleting untracked files, removing orphaned objects and much more.
|Cleaning Up Your Repository|
|Optimizing Repository Performance|
|Managing Repository Size|
|Backing Up and Restoring Repositories|
|Inspecting and Repairing Repositories|
|Repository Health Checks|
Module 9 : Git Plumbing and Attributes
In this section, you will learn about git plumbing and attributes.
You will learn about various ways to manipulate the contents of the repository. We will also learn about manipulating the index and working directory.
|Understanding Git Internals|
|Working with Git Objects: Blobs, Trees, Commits|
|Understanding Refs and the Reflog|
|Advanced Attributes and Filters|
|Scripting with Git Plumbing Commands|
|Customizing Git Behavior with Attributes|
Module 10 : Recovering from Mistakes
In this section of Github tutorial, You will learn about undoing commits, reverting commits, resetting HEAD and much more.
|Undoing Commits and Changes|
|Recovering Lost Commits|
|Fixing Common Mistakes|
|Resetting and Reverting Changes|
|Advanced Recovery Techniques|
|Creating a Disaster Recovery Plan|
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What is Git?
Git is a distributed version control system used for tracking changes in source code during software development. It allows multiple developers to work together on a project and tracks changes in a series of snapshots called commits.
How do I install Git?
Git can be installed from its official website git-scm.com. It’s available for Windows, macOS, and Linux. Follow the instructions specific to your operating system.
What is the difference between Git and GitHub?
Git is a version control system that lets you manage and keep track of your source code history. GitHub is a cloud-based hosting service that lets you manage Git repositories.
How do I clone a repository?
Use the command
git clone [URL]. This command copies an entire repository from a remote location to your local machine.
What are branches in Git?
Branches in Git are independent lines of development in a project. They allow you to work on different features or fixes without affecting the main codebase.
How do I create a new branch?
git branch [branch-name] to create a new branch, and
git checkout [branch-name] to switch to it.
How do I merge two branches?
After switching to the branch you want to merge into (usually the main branch), use
git merge [other-branch] to merge the changes from the other branch.
What is a merge conflict in Git, and how do I resolve it?
A merge conflict occurs when Git is unable to automatically resolve differences in code between two commits. To resolve it, manually edit the conflicted files, then
How do I undo changes in Git?
For unstaged changes, use
git checkout -- [file]. For staged changes, use
git reset HEAD [file], and for committed changes, use
git revert [commit-hash].
What is a
rebase in Git, and when should I use it?
Rebase is a way to integrate changes from one branch into another. It’s often used to maintain a clean, linear project history. Use it carefully, especially with shared branches.
How do I view the commit history?
git log to view the commit history. There are various options to format and filter the history.
What is a
.gitignore file specifies intentionally untracked files that Git should ignore. Files listed in
.gitignore are typically build artifacts and machine-generated files that don’t belong in a shared repository.
How do I stash changes in Git?
git stash to temporarily store modified, tracked files in order to change branches without committing the changes.
What are Git hooks?
Git hooks are scripts that run automatically before or after events such as
receive. They can be used to enforce certain rules or automate tasks.
How do I contribute to an open-source project on GitHub?
Typically, you fork the project, clone your fork, make changes, commit them, and then create a pull request against the original repository.
What is Git LFS?
Git Large File Storage (LFS) is an extension for handling large files more efficiently in Git by storing them on a separate server.
How do I back up a Git repository?
You can back up a repository by cloning it to a different location or by using a dedicated backup tool. It’s important to back up both the repository and its refs.