Git Tutorial | Github Tutorial


Welcome to our comprehensive Git tutorial or Github tutorial, where we dive into the world of version control and guide you through the process of mastering Git, a powerful distributed version control system. Whether you’re new to Github or looking to enhance your skills, this tutorial will equip you with the knowledge and techniques needed to effectively manage your projects and collaborate with others.

The tutorial typically begins with an introduction to version control systems, emphasizing the importance of tracking and managing changes in software development. It explains the concept of distributed version control and how Github enables multiple developers to work on the same project without interfering with each other’s work. This section often includes the installation and basic configuration of Git, along with setting up a GitHub account.

What You’ll Learn – Git Tutorial

In this tutorial, we cover the following key aspects:

Introduction to Version Control: Gain a solid understanding of version control systems and their importance in managing software development projects. Learn about the benefits of using github and how it revolutionizes the way teams collaborate and track changes.

Installing and Configuring Git: Follow step-by-step instructions to install Git on your system. Learn how to configure your Git username and email, set up global and repository-specific configurations, and customize your Github environment.

Git Basics: Familiarize yourself with the fundamental concepts of Github. Learn about repositories, commits, branches, and the Git workflow. Understand how to initialize a repository, add and commit changes, and view the revision history.

Branching and Merging: Dive into the powerful branching and merging capabilities of Github. Learn how to create and switch between branches, merge changes from one branch to another, resolve merge conflicts, and manage branch workflows effectively.

Collaborating with Git: Explore techniques for collaborating with others using Github. Learn how to clone remote repositories, work with remote branches, push and pull changes, and synchronize your work with a remote repository. Understand the basics of working with popular hosting platforms like GitHub or GitLab.

Git Advanced Features: Delve into advanced Git features to enhance your productivity. Learn about tagging and creating releases, using Git aliases to simplify commands, leveraging Git hooks for automation, and utilizing Git submodules for managing complex projects.

Git Best Practices: Discover best practices for using Git effectively in your projects. Learn about commit etiquette, creating meaningful commit messages, managing large files, and maintaining a clean and organized Git history. Understand how to revert changes, cherry-pick commits, and utilize Git bisect for debugging.

Git Workflow Strategies: Explore different Git workflow strategies commonly used in software development. Learn about centralized workflows, feature branching workflows, and Gitflow. Understand how to choose the right workflow for your project and effectively collaborate with your team.

Throughout this tutorial, we provide practical examples, command-line instructions, and tips to help you become proficient in Git or Github. We aim to empower you with the knowledge and skills to effectively manage your projects, track changes, collaborate with others, and utilize the full potential of Github.

By the end of this tutorial, you will have a comprehensive understanding of Git, enabling you to confidently use Git as your version control system of choice for your software development projects.

Git Tutorial or Github Tutorial

Modules – Git / Github Tutorial

Module 1 : Basic on Git

In this section of Git tutorial you will learn about basic information on Version control system and Git. you will also get information on history of Git system development.

You will learn here, what is Git, Github, Gitlab etc.?, Why we use these tools?, How it make Developer’s life easy in terms of managing source code?, and other important concept which you should learn before start using Git.

TopicsRead Time
Introduction to Version Control Systems
Getting Started with Git: Installation and Setup
Creating Your First Repository
Basic Git Commands: add, commit, status, log
Understanding Commits and Branches
Working with Remote Repositories
Cloning, Fetching, and Pulling from Repositories
Best Practices for Beginners
GIt Basic Topics

Module 2 : Git Configuration

Here, you will lean basic and initial configuration for Git Version control system. You will get knowledge of target configuration, Query configuration, templates and many more.

It will help you to understand the usages of Git and will also help in future when you need to do troubleshoot for any issues.

TopicsRead Time
Configuring User Information
Understanding gitconfig Files: Local, Global, and System
Setting Up Aliases for Efficiency
Ignoring Files with .gitignore
Managing Line Endings and Attributes
Using Git in Different Environments
Advanced Configuration Tips
Topics on Git Configuration

Module 3 : Branching, Merging and Options

Branching, merging and options are very important concepts while using Git. Here, you will learn all about branching, merge and options.

You will also learn how to create branches, merge branch with master and how to configure your repository.

This part will help you to understand different types of operations and their usage.

TopicsRead Time
Branching Strategies for Development
Creating, Switching, and Deleting Branches
Merging: Fast-Forward and 3-Way Merges
Resolving Merge Conflicts
Merge Strategies and Options
Stashing Changes for Later
Cherry-Picking Commits
Topics on Git Branching and Merging

Module 4 : Rebase Regularly and Interactively

In this section of Git tutorial, you will learn about rebasing and interactive rebasing. Rebasing is an operation where you change the base commit of a branch.

It allows you to re-apply commits onto another branch without losing any history.

Interactive rebasing is similar to normal rebasing but there is one difference. In interactive rebasing, you can see the list of commits which are going to be applied on top of the current commit. You can choose whether to apply them or not.

TopicsRead Time
Understanding Rebase vs Merge
Performing a Basic Rebase
Interactive Rebasing: Rewriting History
Resolving Conflicts during Rebase
Rebase Best Practices
Advanced Rebase Techniques
Topics on Git rebase

Module 5 : Storing Additional Information in Your repository

In this section of Github tutorial, you will learn about storing additional information in your repository. You will learn about adding tags, annotating files, and creating submodules.

These features allow you to store metadata about your project.

TopicsRead Time
Using Git Tags for Versioning
Managing Large Files with Git LFS
Submodules and Subtrees
Adding Notes to Commits
Leveraging Git Attributes
Storing Configuration Files

Module 6 : Extracting Data from the Repository

In this section, you will learn about extracting data from the repository. This feature helps you to extract specific pieces of information from the repository.

For example, you may want to extract only the latest version of some file from the repository.

TopicsRead Time
Exploring the Commit History
Advanced Log Filtering and Formatting
Using Git Blame
Comparing Commits with Git Diff
Working with Git Show
Data Exporting Techniques
Topics on Git Repository

Module 7 : Git Hooks, Aliases and Scripts

In this section of Git tutorial, you will get to know about hooks, aliases and scripts.

A hook is a script which runs at certain point during the process of committing or pushing changes to the repository.

An alias is used to define a shortcut name for a command.

A script is a program written in shell scripting language (like Perl, Python). You can write a script to automate tasks like running commands automatically after every push or pull.

TopicsRead Time
Introduction to Git Hooks
Creating Custom Git Hooks
Automating Workflows with Scripts
Building Useful Aliases
Integration with Continuous Integration (CI) Tools
Security Considerations with Hooks and Scripts
Topics on Git Hooks, scripts

Module 8 : Repository Maintenance

In this section of Github tutorial, you will learn about maintenance of repositories.

You will learn about cleaning up old branches, deleting untracked files, removing orphaned objects and much more.

TopicsRead Time
Cleaning Up Your Repository
Optimizing Repository Performance
Managing Repository Size
Backing Up and Restoring Repositories
Inspecting and Repairing Repositories
Repository Health Checks
Topics on Git repository maintenance

Module 9 : Git Plumbing and Attributes

In this section, you will learn about git plumbing and attributes.

You will learn about various ways to manipulate the contents of the repository. We will also learn about manipulating the index and working directory.

TopicsRead Time
Understanding Git Internals
Working with Git Objects: Blobs, Trees, Commits
Understanding Refs and the Reflog
Advanced Attributes and Filters
Scripting with Git Plumbing Commands
Customizing Git Behavior with Attributes
Topics on Git attributes

Module 10 : Recovering from Mistakes

In this section of Github tutorial, You will learn about undoing commits, reverting commits, resetting HEAD and much more.

TopicsRead Time
Undoing Commits and Changes
Recovering Lost Commits
Fixing Common Mistakes
Resetting and Reverting Changes
Advanced Recovery Techniques
Creating a Disaster Recovery Plan
Advance topics on Git

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What is Git?

Git is a distributed version control system used for tracking changes in source code during software development. It allows multiple developers to work together on a project and tracks changes in a series of snapshots called commits.

How do I install Git?

What is the difference between Git and GitHub?

How do I clone a repository?

What are branches in Git?

How do I create a new branch?

How do I merge two branches?

What is a merge conflict in Git, and how do I resolve it?

How do I undo changes in Git?

What is a rebase in Git, and when should I use it?

How do I view the commit history?

What is a gitignore file?

How do I stash changes in Git?

What are Git hooks?

How do I contribute to an open-source project on GitHub?

What is Git LFS?

How do I back up a Git repository?

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