What is the use of Git Status command?

Git status is a critical command in Git, a popular version control system. It serves as a helpful tool for developers to gain insights about the current state of their project’s repository. Here’s a detailed look at the purpose and application of the git status command.

1. Understanding the Repository’s Current State:

The primary function of the git status command is to show the current state of your Git repository. When you run this command, Git responds with information about any untracked files, changes that are staged for the next commit, and any differences between your working directory and the upstream repository.

2. Tracking Unstaged Changes:

One of the primary uses of git status is to track unstaged changes in your working directory. Unstaged changes are modifications to tracked files that have not yet been added to the staging area via git add. Running git status will display these changes, giving you a clear picture of what has been modified since your last commit.

3. Tracking Uncommitted Changes:

git status also lets you know about changes that have been staged but not yet committed. These are changes that have been added to the staging area and are ready to be committed to the project history. If there are any staged changes, git status will list them.

4. Tracking Untracked Files:

Untracked files are those that Git has not been instructed to watch. When you create a new file in your project directory, Git doesn’t automatically include it in version control. Running git status will display any untracked files, letting you know which files you need to add to Git if you want to include them in version control.

5. Branch and Merge Status:

Finally, git status provides information about your current branch and its relation to any upstream branches. For example, it will let you know if your branch is ahead of, behind, or has diverged from the upstream branch.

Here’s an example of how to use git status:

bashCopy code<code>$ git status
On branch main
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/main'.

Changes to be committed:
  (use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)
    modified:   README.md

Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
    newfile.txt
</code>

In the above example, git status shows that we are on the main branch, which is up to date with the main branch on the ‘origin’ remote repository. It also shows that we have modified the README.md file and it’s staged for commit. Additionally, there’s a new, untracked file called newfile.txt.

To conclude, git status is an indispensable command in Git that provides a comprehensive view of your repository’s current state. It allows you to see what changes you’ve made, what’s staged for the next commit, and what’s waiting to be tracked by Git. The information that git status provides aids in making crucial decisions during the development process.