Mastering Nginx Installation on CentOS and Ubuntu

Nginx, pronounced as “engine-x,” is a powerful and widely-used open-source web server and reverse proxy server. It’s known for its high performance, scalability, and efficiency, making it a popular choice for serving web applications and handling heavy traffic loads. In this comprehensive tutorial, we will walk you through the process of installing and configuring Nginx on both CentOS and Ubuntu operating systems.


Before diving into the installation process, ensure that you have access to a server running either CentOS or Ubuntu. You should also have a basic understanding of the command line and administrative privileges to install packages.

Installing Nginx on CentOS

Step 1: Update System Packages

To begin, log in to your CentOS server and update the system packages using the package manager yum.

sudo yum update

Step 2: Install EPEL Repository

Nginx is not available in the default CentOS repositories, so you’ll need to install the Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) repository.

sudo yum install epel-release

Step 3: Install Nginx

With the EPEL repository in place, install Nginx using the yum package manager.

sudo yum install nginx

Step 4: Start and Enable Nginx

Start the Nginx service and enable it to start at boot.

sudo systemctl start nginx sudo systemctl enable nginx

Installing Nginx on Ubuntu

Step 1: Update System Packages

Before installing Nginx, update the package index on your Ubuntu server using the apt package manager.

sudo apt update

Step 2: Install Nginx

Install Nginx using the apt package manager.

sudo apt install nginx

Step 3: Start and Enable Nginx

Once the installation is complete, start and enable the Nginx service to run on system boot.

sudo systemctl start nginx

sudo systemctl enable nginx

Configuring Nginx

Basic Configuration

Nginx’s main configuration file is located at /etc/nginx/nginx.conf. You can modify server settings, worker processes, and more in this file.

Server Blocks (Virtual Hosts)

Nginx allows you to host multiple websites on a single server using server blocks. Configuration files for these blocks are typically found in the /etc/nginx/sites-available/ directory.

SSL/TLS Configuration

Secure your websites with SSL/TLS certificates. You can obtain free certificates from Let’s Encrypt and configure Nginx to use them.


Congratulations! You’ve successfully installed and configured Nginx on both CentOS and Ubuntu systems. Nginx’s versatility, performance, and extensive configuration options make it a fantastic choice for hosting your web applications and managing incoming traffic efficiently. Remember, this tutorial only scratches the surface of what Nginx can do. Explore the official documentation and experiment with different configurations to further tailor Nginx to your specific needs.

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