LPIC -1: Linux Administrator Certification Guide

Update on:
Mar 17, 2019

LPIC-1 is the first certification in LPI’s multi-level Linux professional certification program. The LPIC-1 will validate the candidate’s ability to perform maintenance tasks on the command line, install and configure a computer running Linux and configure basic networking.

The LPIC-1 is designed to reflect current research and validate a candidate’s proficiency in real world system administration. The objectives are tied to real-world job skills, which we determine through job task analysis surveying during exam development

Current Version: 5.0 (Exam code 101-500 and 102-500)

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this certification

Requirements: Passing exams 101 and 102

Validity Period: 5 years

Languages Support: English, German, Japanese, Chinese.


Section 01: System Architecture

Section 02: Linux Installation and Package Management

Section 03: GNU and Unix Commands

Section 04: Devices, Linux Filesystems, Filesystem Hierarchy Standard

Section 05: Shells and Shell Scripting

Section 06: User Interfaces and Desktops

Section 07: Administrative Tasks

Section 08: Essential System Services

Section 09: Networking Fundamentals

Section 10: Security

Detailed Syllabus:

Section 01: System Architecture

Determine and Configure Hardware settings

Enable and disable integrated peripherals
Differentiate between the various types of mass storage devices
Determine hardware resources for devices
Tools and utilities to list various hardware information (e.g. lsusb, lspci, etc.).
Tools and utilities to manipulate USB devices.
Conceptual understanding of sysfs, udev and dbus.

Boot the system

Provide common commands to the boot loader and options to the kernel at boot time
Demonstrate knowledge of the boot sequence from BIOS/UEFI to boot completion.
Understanding of SysVinit and system.
Awareness of Upstart.
Check boot events in the log files.

Change runlevels / boot targets and shutdown or reboot system

Set the default runlevel or boot target.
Change between runlevels / boot targets including single user mode.
Shutdown and reboot from the command line.
Alert users before switching runlevels/boot targets or other major system events.
Properly terminate processes.
Awareness of acpid.

Section 02: Linux Installation and Package Management

Design hard disk layout

Allocate filesystems and swap space to separate partitions or disks.
Tailor the design to the intended use of the system.
Ensure the /boot partition conforms to the hardware architecture requirements for booting
Knowledge of basic features of LVM.

Install a boot manager

Providing alternative boot locations and backup boot options.
Install and configure a boot loader such as GRUB Legacy.
Perform basic configuration changes for GRUB 2.
Interact with the boot loader.

Manage shared libraries

Identify shared libraries.
Identify the Typical locations of system libraries.
Load shared libraries.

Use Debian package management

Install, upgrade and uninstall Debian binary packages.
Find packages containing specific files or libraries which may or may not be installed
Obtain package information like version, content, dependencies, package integrity and installation status (whether or not the package is installed).
Awareness of apt.

Use RPM and YUM package management

Install, re-install, upgrade and remove packages using RPM, YUM and Zypper.
Obtain information on RPM packages such as version, status, dependencies, integrity and signatures.
Determine what files a package provides, as well as find which package a specific file comes from.
Awareness of dnf.

Linux as a virtualization guest

Understand the general concept of virtual machines and containers.
Understand common elements virtual machines in an IaaS cloud, such as computing instances, block storage and networking.
Understand unique properties of a Linux system which have to changed when a system is cloned or used as a template.
Understand how system images are used to deploy virtual machines, cloud instances and containers.
Understand Linux extensions which integrate Linux with a virtualization product.
Awareness of cloud-init.

Section 03: GNU and Unix Commands

Work on the command line

Use single shell commands and one-line command sequences to perform basic tasks on the command line.
Use and modify the shell environment including defining, referencing and exporting environment variables.
Use and edit command history.
Invoke commands inside and outside the defined path.

Process text streams using filters

Send text files and output streams through text utility filters to modify the output using standard UNIX commands found in the GNU textutils package.

Perform basic file management

Copy, move and remove files and directories individually.
Copy multiple files and directories recursively.
Remove files and directories recursively.
Use simple and advanced wildcard specifications in commands.
Using find to locate and act on files based on type, size, or time.
Usage of tar, cpio and dd.

Use streams, pipes and redirects

Redirecting standard input, standard out and standard error.
Pipe the output of one command to the input of another command.
Use the output of one command as arguments to another command.
Send output to both stdout and a file.

Create, monitor and kill processes

Run job in the foreground and background.
Signal a program to continue running after logout.
Monitor active processes.
Select and sort processes for display.
Send signals to processes.

Modify process execution priorities

Know the default priority of a job that is created.
Run a program with higher or lower priority than the default.
Change the priority of a running process.

Search text files using regular expressions

Create simple regular expressions containing several notational elements.
Understand the differences between basic and extended regular expressions.
Understand the concepts of special characters, character classes, quantifiers and anchors.
Use regular expression tools to perform searches through a filesystem or file content.
Use regular expressions to delete, change and substitute text.

Basic file editing

Navigate a document using vi.
Understand and use vi modes.
Insert, edit, delete, copy and find text in vi.
Awareness of Emacs, nano and vim.
Configure the standard editor.

Section 04: Devices, Linux Filesystems, Filesystem Hierarchy Standard

Create partitions and filesystems

Manage MBR and GPT partition tables
Use various mkfs commands to create various filesystems such as:


Basic feature knowledge of Btrfs, including multi-device filesystems, compression and subvolumes.

Maintain the integrity of filesystems

Verify the integrity of filesystems.
Monitor free space and inodes.
Repair simple filesystem problems.

Control mounting and unmounting of filesystems

Manually mount and unmount filesystems.
Configure filesystem mounting on bootup.
Configure user mountable removable filesystems.
Use of labels and UUIDs for identifying and monting file systems.
Awareness of system mount units.

Manage file permissions and ownership

Manage access permissions on regular and special files as well as directories.
Use access modes such as suid, sgid and the sticky bit to maintain security.
Know how to change the file creation mask.
Use the group field to grant file access to group members.

Create and change hard and symbolic links

Create links
Identify hard and/or soft links
Copying versus linking files.
Use links to support system administration tasks.

Find system files and place files in the correct location

Understand the correct locations of files under the FHS.
Find files and commands on a Linux system
Know the location and purpose of important file and directories as defined in the FHS.

Section 05: Shells and Shell Scripting

Customize and use the shell environment

Set environment variables (e.g. PATH) at login or when spawning a new shell.
Write Bash functions for frequently used sequences of commands.
Maintain skeleton directories for new user accounts.
Set command search path with the proper directory.

Customize or write simple script

Use standard sh syntax (loops, tests).
Use command substitution.
Test return values for access or failure or other information provided by a command.
Execute chained commands.
Perform conditional mailing to the superuser.
Correctly select the script interpreter through the shebang (#!) line.
Manage the location, ownership, execution and suid-rights of scripts.

Section 06: User Interfaces and Desktops

Install and configure X11

Understanding of the X11 architecture.
Basic understanding and knowledge of the X Window configuration file.
Overwrite specific aspects of Xorg configuration, such as keyboard layout.
Understand the components of desktop environments, such as display managers and window managers.
Manager access to the X server and display applications on remote X servers.
Awareness of Wayland.

Graphical Desktops

Awareness of major desktop environments
Awareness of protocols to access remote desktop sessions


Basic knowledge of visual setting and themes.
Basic knowledge of assistive technology.

Section 07: Administrative Tasks

Manage user and group accounts and related system files

Add, modify and remove users and groups.
Manager user/group info in password/group databases.
Create and manage special purpose and limited accounts.

Automate system administration tasks by scheduling jobs

Manage cron and at jobs.
Configure user access to cron and at services.
Understand systemd timer units.

Localisation and internationalisation

Configure locale settings and environment variables.
Configure timezone settings and environment variables.

Section 08: Essential System Services

Maintain system time

Set the system date and time
Set the hardware clock to the correct time in UTC.
Configure the correct timezone
Basic NTP configuration using ntpd and chrony.
Knowledge of using the pool.ntp.org service.
Awareness of the ntpq command.

System logging

Basic Configuration of rsyslog.
Understanding of standard facilities, priorities and actions.
Query the systemd journal.
Filter systemd journal data by criteria such as date, service or priority.
Configure persistent systemd journal storage and journal size.
Delete old systemd journal data.
Retrieve systemd journal data from a rescue system or file system copy.
Understand interaction of rsyslog with system-journald.
Configuration of logrotate.
Awareness of syslog and syslog-ng.

Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) basic

Create e-mail aliases.
Configure e-mail forwarding.
Knowledge of commonly available MTA programs (postfix, sendmail, exim) (no configuration)

Manage printers and printing

Basic CUPS configuration (for local and remote printers).
Manage user print queues.
Troubleshoot general printing problems.
Add and remove jobs from configured printer queues.

Section 09: Networking Fundamentals

Fundamentals of internet protocols

Demonstrate an understanding of network masks and CIDR notation.
Knowledge of the differences between private and public “dotted quad” IP addresses.
Knowledge about common TCP and UDP ports and services (20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 53, 80, 110, 123, 139, 143, 161, 162, 389, 443, 465, 514, 636, 993, 995).
Knowledge about the differences and major features of UDP, TCP and ICMP.
Knowledge of the major differences between IPv4 and IPv6.
Knowledge of the basic features of IPv6.

Persistent network configuration

Understand basic TCP/IP host configuration.
Configure Ethernet and wi-fi network configuration using Network Manager.
Awareness of system-networkd.

Basic network troubleshooting

Manually configure network interface, including viewing and changing the configuration of network interfaces using iproute2.
Manually configure routing, including viewing and changing routing tables and setting the default route using iproute2
Debug problems associated with the network configuration.
Awareness of legacy net-tools commands.

Configure client side DNS

Query remote DNS servers.
Configure local name resolution and use remote DNS servers.
Modifying the order in which name resolution is done.
Debug errors related to name resolution.
Awareness of systemd-resolved.

Section 10: Security

Perform security administration tasks

Audit a system to find files with the suid/sgid bit set.
Set or change user passwords and password aging information.
Being able to use nmap and netstat to discover open ports on a system.
Set up limits on user logins, processes and memory usage.
Determine which users have logged into the system or are currently logged in.
Basic sudo configuration and usage.

Setup host security

Awareness of shadow password and how they work.
Turn of network services not in use.
Understand the role of TCP wrappers.

Securing data with encryption

Perform basic OpenSSH 2 client configuration and usage.
Understand the role of OpenSSH 2 server host keys.
Perform basic GnuPG configuration, usage and revocation.
Use GPG to encrypt, decrypt, sign and verify files.
Understand SSH port tunnels (including X11 tunnels).

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