MariaDB is a multi-thread, open-source relational database management system, a perfect replacement of MySQL database system. MariaDB maintained and developed by the MariaDB Foundation, including some of the MySQL developers.

Debian new release version 9 is coming with MariaDB default database system which is replacement of MySQL.

In this tutorial article, we will learn the methods to install MariaDB into Debian 9 operating system.

There are two methods to install MariaDB into Debian machine; one is use to directly install to Debian repository and another to use MariaDB repository to install the latest MariaDB package.

Prerequisites

Before starting MariaDB install into Debian machine, make sure you have a Debian 9 running machine and a user to login into the system with sudo privileges.

MariaDB installation on Debian 9

To install MariaDB on Debian 9 Operating System, follow below steps:

Step 1 – Update Debian 9 Repository

Before installing any new package on Debian 9 operating system first need to update the repository package list, which is performed by the following command:

Step 2 – Install MariaDB

Once the repositories package list updated in your system, you can start the MariaDB installation using below command:

Install Mariadb server on Debian 9 Operating Server

Step 3 – Verify MariaDB Installation

You can verify MariaDB installation by checking the status of MariaDB service, as shown below:

If MariaDB is installed and running properly, you will get output with Active and running status like below image.

Check Mariadb service status on Debian 9

MariaDB Install on Debian 9 using MariaDB Repository

If you want to install MariaDB latest version into your Debian 9 system which not released into default Debian 9 repositories, you can use MariaDB repository directly to install Latest MariaDB.

To install the Latest release of MariaDB on Debian 9 using MariaDB repository follow below steps:

Step 1 – Enable MariaDB Repository

To install MariaDB using MariaDB repository first need to enable MariaDB repository and import repository key by using the following command:

Step 2 – Update package List and install MariaDB

After enabling MariaDB repository need to update repository packages and install MariaDB server by using the following command:

Step 3 – Verify MariaDB Installation

Once MariaDB gets installed it services automatically get started, you can verify it by checking MariaDB service, as shown below:

If MariaDB is running correctly you will get the screen with Active and running status as below image:

Check Mariadb service status on Debian 9

MariaDB Secure Installation

You need to run mysql_secure_installation script to secure MariaDB installation as shown below:

This script will ask you to set the root user password, restrict root access to localhost, remove anonymous users, and remove the test database.

MariaDB secure installation process on Debian 9
MariaDB secure installation process

After completion of the script, it will reload privilege tables, and all the changes take effect immediately.

MariaDB Connection through CLI

To connect the MariaDB server through terminal or command-line interface, you should use mysql command as shown below:

The above command will connect with MariaDB shell using the root user. The next screen will appear to enter the password for user root.

Once you get the connection with MariaDB shell you will get the screen as shown below image:

Login into MariaDB on Debian 9 Operating System

Conclusion

In this acritical, we learned how to install MariaDB into Debian 9 machine. We also learned to install MariaDB directly from MariaDB repository.

Now MariaDB is installed in your system successful, and you know how to connect with MariaDB shell to perform Database commands and operations.

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SATISH KUMAR

I am Satish Kumar, Founder of LinuxConcept. Linux and F.O.S.S enthusiast, love to work on open source platform and technologies.
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