In this tutorial will learn how to install and configure Git on CentOS 7.
Nowadays, Git is a very famous version control system used by most of the open-source and commercial projects. It allows us to track code changes, revert into the previous stage of a project, and work with multiple branches and easy to collaborate with your fellow developers.
Git is designed and developed by Linus Torvalds, who has created Linux kernel.
At the time of writing this article, the CentOS 7 repository has Git 1.8.3 version, which is outdated today.
If you want to install the most recent version of Git (v2.22.0) with yum package manager, you need to use Wandisco repositories.
One of another option to install the latest version of Git is to install with source, where you need to use Source file of git to build and install, but the drawback is you will not be able to maintain your Git installation through the yum package manager.
To install Git into CentOS, make sure you have a CentOS running system with a user login who has sudo privileges.
Follow below-mentioned steps to install Git into CentOS:
Step 1 – Enable Wandisco repository
To install Latest Git through yum package manager first need to enable Wandisco Git Repository. To allow wandisco to the repository, you need to create a new repository under the /etc/yum.repos.d/ directory, as we have created a new repository file with the name wandisco-git.repo with below content:
[wandisco-git] name=Wandisco GIT Repository baseurl=http://opensource.wandisco.com/centos/7/git/$basearch/ enabled=1 gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=http://opensource.wandisco.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-WANdisco
Now, import the repository GPG keys with:
$ sudo rpm --import http://opensource.wandisco.com/RPM-GPG-Key-WANdisco
Step 2 – Install Git into CentOS
Now you can install Git into CentOS by using the following command
$ sudo yum install git
Step 3 – Check Git Version or Verify Installation
To verify any package on Linux, you can check the install version of that package or tools; you can verify installed Git by using the following command:
$ git --version
The above output is shown us we have successfully installed Git version 2.22.0 on CentOS system.
Step 4 – The basic configuration of Git
Now you need to configure username and email ID for Git commit process, which you can configure as shown below:
$ git config --global user.name “Your Username” $ git config --global user.email “Your Email ID”
After configuring the username and email, you can verify the setting configured properly or not using the following command:
$ git config --list
The above configuration saved into ~/.gitconfig file, which you can change manually also in future.
Now you have learned how to install Git on CentOS 7 Operating System. To learn more about Git (Version Control System), you can check the Pro Git book where all details are available about Git Version Control.
If you get any problem while installing Git into your system or have any feedback about this article, leave a comment below.