Docker is an application use to simplify the application management process in containers, where containers use to run the application with the resource-isolated process. Docker allows you to build, test and deploy an application to run virtually anywhere.
It is similar to a virtual machine, more flexible, more resource-friendly, more portable, and more host operating system dependent. It is use to run a single application with a platform environment which includes everything needed by software to run.
Nowadays, Docker known as a modern software management platform includes DevOps continuous integration, deployment and production management.
In this tutorial, you will learn to install Docker on an CentOS 7 Linux system.
Docker packages are available under the CentOS 7 repositories, but it may not have the latest version. So, we will install the latest Docker here by using Docker’s official repositories.
Installing Docker on CentOS 7 Linux
The Docker installation on CentOS system or server is straightforward, enable the Docker repository and install packages.
In the first step, we will update the package list and install the dependencies required to add new HTTPS repository:
$ sudo yum update $ sudo yum install yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
Now, add Docker’s stable repository using the below command:
$ sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
Now, the Docker repository enabled in your system; you can install any version of Docker that is available in the current repositories.
Install latest version of Docker
To install the latest version of Docker you can use the below command, but if you want to install any specific version of Docker to install, you should skip this and go to the next one.
$ sudo yum update $ sudo yum install docker-ce
After successful installation, Docker service will start automatically. To verify the Docker service status use following command:
$ sudo systemctl status docker
The output should look like below:
output: ● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Thu 2020-05-21 14:47:34 UTC; 42s ago ...
Execute Docker Commands as a Non-root user or without sudo
The Docker commands are executable by only root user and a user with sudo privileges.
If you want to execute Docker command by a non-root user, first you need to add that user to the docker group that created during Docker CE package installation.
You can add a user in the docker group using the following command:
$ sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
You should replace “$USER” with the username.
Create a new user session to refresh the group membership, and the user is ready to execute the docker command.
Verify Docker Installation
To verify the Docker installed in the system, you can execute the docker command without sudo, and we’ll run a test container:
$ docker container run hello-world
The above command will download a test image if it is not available locally. After downloading run it in a container, print a “Hello from Docker” message and exit.
You will get the output similar to below:
This test container will stop after printing the message, as it is not having a long-running process.
Docker commands pull images from the Docker Hub; it is default cloud-based Docker’s registry service which has all other functionalities including stores Docker images in Private and Public repositories.
To uninstall Docker from the machine, always remove all containers, images, volumes, and networks.
You can stop all running containers and remove all docker objects using the following commands:
$ docker container stop $(docker container ls -aq) $ docker system prune -a --volumes
Now, you can uninstall Docker package like any other packages from the CentOS system using the apt package manager:
$ sudo yum purge docker-ce $ sudo yum autoremove
Now, you have learned to install Docker on CentOS 7 Linux machine and also learned to execute docker command and run a docker container. You can learn more about docker by following official Docker documentation.
If you have any questions related to docker, please leave a comment below.